Just imagine: glaucoma can lead to blindness if it is not cured in time, and cataracts lead to serious vision problems. What if your eyes are trying to tell you something?
What is it? Dry eye syndrome - a disease in which tears either evaporate too quickly or are not sufficiently produced.
Symptoms often include dryness, hypersensitivity, a strong burning sensation or a feeling of "sand" in the eyes.
The reasons may be very different. Often, dry eye syndrome manifests itself due to contact lenses, hot or excessively windy weather, taking antidepressants, beta-blockers, diuretic or antihistamines. In addition, various diseases can affect this, for example, blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids). But that's not all: the catalyst for the disease can be menopause, pregnancy or regular use of contraceptive drugs.
Treatment: The recipe is simple - first of all, you should avoid everything that somehow affects dry eyes, and you also need to blink more often while sitting at the computer. If this does not help, then you can try moisturizing drops, the so-called "artificial tears." But with prolonged treatment without any improvement, you should consult a doctor.
What is it? Redness caused by swollen or dilated blood vessels in the eyeballs. Symptoms can be very different: sharp pain, itching, irritation, swelling of the eye and feeling of heaviness.
The reasons: Allergies, contact lenses, or a bursting vessel may affect eye redness. In addition, one of the causes is conjunctivitis, an infection that causes eye inflammation. In this case, you should consult a doctor, because for different forms of the disease there are different ways of treatment.
Attention! Redness of the eyes can sometimes signal a more serious illness, such as a corneal ulcer or glaucoma. If you use contact lenses, then reddening can cause an eye infection, such as keratitis.
Treatment: If allergy is to blame, then antihistamines should be taken. If the lenses - then you should make sure that all the containers in which they are stored are clean. In any other cases, you should immediately consult a doctor.
What is it? Vision problems can include terrible or sudden pain, recurring periodically in or around the eyes, blurred look or diplopia. In addition, flashes of bright spots when opening and closing the eyelids, rainbow circles, sensitivity to light - all this also speaks of visual impairment.
Symptoms: if you experience discomfort when walking on an uneven surface, you cannot clearly determine the color of the object, you experience pain when you look askance, then the likelihood of vision problems is very high.
Treatment: If you have any of the above, then you should not self-medicate. The best solution would be to visit the doctor and timely check the eyesight: it is much easier to eradicate any problem at an early stage.
What is it? Glaucoma combines a number of diseases that can lead to blindness. Due to the increased intraocular pressure, retinal destruction occurs, and the optic nerve atrophies, after which visual signals cease to flow to the brain.
Symptoms: in violation of peripheral vision, it becomes a bit difficult to walk without crashing into objects. This also adds nausea, headache and rainbow circles when looking at the light.
Treatment: Glaucoma can be treated, but cannot be cured. Any damage to the optic nerve can not be fully recovered, so it is very important to diagnose the disease at an early stage. Lowering eye pressure can help prevent further damage and prevent vision loss. Glaucoma is treated with drops, laser or surgery.
What is it? A cataract is a clouding in the lens of the eye, due to which the vision deteriorates so much that you can even go blind.
Symptoms: Cataracts most often appear in older people, but sometimes they diagnose it in children. Among the main symptoms are blurred vision. Also with this disease it is difficult to look in the dark or, on the contrary, in very bright light, and the colors may look dimmer and give brown or yellow.
Treatment: at the initial stage it will be enough to change the glasses, but if the cataract progresses, then, most likely, it will be possible to get rid of it only with the help of an operation, during which the dimmed lens is replaced with an artificial one.